Vojta Therapy UK
Vojta Therapy UK

About Vojta Therapy

Dr. Vojta observed motor reactions occurring through out the body as a result of specific stimulation given when the patient was placed in specific positions. He established that components of these movements provoked global dynamic muscle activity that are found in all forms of human movement or locomotion. “Global patterns” form the basis of Reflexlocomotion a term that refers to the motor responses resulting from the application of Reflexlocomotion.

Musculature through out the body is activated in a coordinated manner and the nervous system is addressed at all regulatory levels. Besides the skeletal musculature, muscles involved in facial expression, eye movements, the swallowing process, bladder and bowel function, and breathing are also activated. This flow of authentic motor reactions is provoked by graded pressure applied on certain body parts, with the patient placed in specific positions (lying in the back, side-lying, and lying in the tummy). They are part of human movement processes such as grasping, rolling, creeping, crawling, and walking.

The therapeutic goals of Reflexlocomotion are: to facilitate the automatic regulation or control of the body’s position, to facilitate the active maintenance of the support function of the extremities, and to stimulate coordinated muscle activity.
In the practical application, there are two basic coordination complexes:

  • Reflex creeping
  • Reflex rolling

Global patterns form the basis of the motor rehabilitation of babies, children, adolescents, and adults. It is possible to stimulate these important patterns from early movement like the “building blocks/bricks” of the normal movement in children with movement disorders. In babyhood, Reflexlocomotion is utilized within the framework of early intervention and the best results are gained at this time. At this age the central nervous system’s malleability or “plasticity” is greatest.

A Vojta trained Physiotherapist is responsible for the implementation of the Therapy. The developed “therapy programme” is regularly supervised and matched to the patient’s movement development.

 

Dr. Vaclav Vojta

In 1968 Prof. Dr. Vaclav Vojta emigrated from the Czech Republic to Germany, he worked at the University Orthopaedic Clinic Cologne as well as at the Munich Children’s Centre, and from 1990 onwards he was able to lecture again at Charles University in Prague. He received many scientific awards and distinctions, one of these being the Heine Prize in German Orthopaedics.  In 2000 he died in Munich at the age of 83. Between 1950 and 1970 Prof. Dr. Vaclav Vojta (1917 – 2000), Neurologist and Paediatric Neurologist born in Mokrosuky/Bohemia, Czech Republic, developed a treatment principle for children with cerebral palsy.  Vojta observed innate movement patterns in children with movement disorders, which were activated in certain postures when pressure was applied on specific areas of the body. These activated innate movements that were carried out unconsciously for the children, could be reliably reproduced, and contained the essential features of locomotion. The effects of this activation were stunning. The children with cerebral palsy could speak more clearly and in a short time they were more stable when standing up or walking.  On further examination Vojta could show that the activated movements could be more complete and comprehensive through multiple, repeated stimulation, even in healthy newborns and healthy adults.  These results allowed Vojta to confirm his theory that innate movement patterns are firmly “programmed” in the brain.This is a text! You can edit, move, copy or delete it.

 

 

When does Vojta Therapy help?

Reflexlocomotion can play an important role in the domain of rehabilitation to improve the quality of life in children and adults with motor disorders.

 

Newborns and babies

The Central Nervous System is extremely adaptable. Some of the neuropathways are only functionally blocked, but they are still accessible. The abnormal movements (substitutive patterns) are not established at this stage yet. These will appear as a result of the newborn’s attempts to communicate and interact with the environment, attempt to stay upright or move around.

Children and teenagers

Vojta Therapy can improve the maturation process and postural control when the child is growing (e.g in Scoliosis).

Vojta Therapy can be used as a main physiotherapy treatment for any motor disorder as well as many other diseases: 

- Central Coordination Disorders in newborns and babies.

- Central or primary motor disorders such as cerebral palsy.

- Peripheral or secondary motor palsies: Neural tube defects, Obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP).

- Neuromuscular diseases.

- Back-spine postural disorders and functional limitations.

- Orthopaedic problems in upper and lower limb girdles in children and adults.

- Joint misalignment including Congenital Hip Dysplasia, hip subluxation, hip luxation.

- Breathing, sucking, swallowing and chewing problems.

 

Adults

Adult patients with varying conditions benefit from the wide range of applications of Vojta therapy, such as:

- Misalignment of the spine (e.g. scoliosis)

- Restriction in joint range of motion e.g. limitations in the musculoskeletal system for various reasons (trauma, pain, mal-function etc.)

- Neurological disturbances/disorders e.g.

- Various myopathies

- Peripheral paralysis

- Hemiplegia/stroke

- Multiple sclerosis

- Spinal cord injury

- Pain conditions, residual paresis following a slipped disc, sciatica etc.

 

Vojta therapy is not indicated:

- During an acute fever or inflammatory process

- In certain diseases such as Osteogenesis imperfecta

- With certain cardiac diseases and myopathies

- During pregnancy

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